Suffixes Worksheets, Examples & Definition For Kids (2022)

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Suffixes Worksheets, Examples & Definition For Kids (1)

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Table of Contents

Suffixes, like prefixes, cannot stand on their own. Suffixes are letters, not words, which means they do not make up a word themselves. Instead, they add onto or create a new word from an original one.

See the fact file below for more information on Suffixes or alternatively, you can download our 30-page Suffixes worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment.

Key Facts & Information

FUNCTION OF SUFFIXES

  • A suffix is an affix at the end of a word that can help you better understand or deduce the word’s meaning. An affix is a word element that can be attached to a base, stem, or root word forming a new word.
  • Suffixes change the grammatical function or meaning of the root word. The new word is often a different word class from the original word.
  • A suffix can make a new word in one of two ways: inflectional and derivational.
  • Inflectional suffixes do not change the meaning of the original or root word because the suffix is added simply for grammatical “correctness”.
  • Inflectional suffixes examples:
SUFFIXORIGINAL WORDSUFFIXED WORD
-ingsleep, teemsleeping, teeming
-edjump, burpjumped, burped
-eneat, dampeaten, dampen
-scat, keepcats, keeps
-esttall, bigtallest, biggest
  • In sentences:
    • I wanted a cat, but I ended up adopting three cats.
    • Luka never imagined how tall Burj Khalifa is until he realized it is the tallest building he had ever seen.
    • My favorite hobby is sleeping. (Notice here that sleeping did not change the meaning of the root word sleep)
  • To apply derivational suffixes, the new word will have a new meaning and is usually a different part of speech. The new meaning is, however, still related to the old word as it is derived from the old meaning.
  • Derivational suffixes examples:
SUFFIXORIGINAL WORDSUFFIXED WORD
-ationexploreexploration
-siondivide, emitdivision, emission
-nessill, decisiveillness, decisiveness
-arydictiondictionary
-menttreat, llottreatment, allotment
  • Comparison of meanings:
    • Explore – to investigate, study or analyze, to travel
    • Exploration – the act of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it.
    • Ill – sick, not in full health, not feeling well
    • Illness – an unhealthy condition of the body or mind; disease, a specific sickness.

SUFFIXES: SPELLING CHANGES

  • Some suffixes change the spelling of the root word when applied:
    • beauty, plenty + -ful → beautiful, plentiful (-y changes to i)
    • heavy, easy + -ness → heaviness, easiness (-y changes to i)
    • stable, impossible + -ity → stability, impossibility (-le changes to il)
    • remit, omit + -ion → remission, omission (-t changes to ss)
    • persuade, divide + sion → persuasion, division (-de changes to -de to si)
  • However, some suffixes would just attach without changing any letter from the root word:
    • -ful Forget → forgetful , Resent → resentful
    • -y Jealous → jealousy , Cloud → cloudy
    • -able Tax → taxable , Deliver → deliverable
    • -ment Treat → treatment , Discern → discernment
    • -ly Brother → brotherly , Valid → validly

NOUN SUFFIXES

  • Nouns are used to identify a person, place, thing, or idea.
  • Noun suffixes are a set of suffixes that change the grammatical case of a root word into a noun. Simply put, a group of letters placed at the end of the root word converts verbs and adjectives into nouns:
SUFFIXMEANINGEXAMPLE
-ersomeone who performs an actionteacher, preacher, dancer
-ismtheory, act or beliefcriticism, nationalism
-nessa state or qualitykindness, darkness
-ishhaving the qualitybookish, selfish, bookish
-mentaction or instancepunishment, employment
-ageaction/instance of a verbdamage, breakage, wastage, message
-erybehavioral condition or locationbravery, scenery, gallery, treachery, nursery
  • Noun suffixes in sentences:
    • The printer worked for hours generating election flyers.
    • His friendship with Alvin strengthened after their victory.
    • The demonstration lasted three hours before dispersal.
    • Ron worked sleepless nights to finish his project.
    • Allen was so hungry today that he spent all his allowance.

ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES

  • An adjective is a word or phrase naming an attribute added to, or grammatically related to a noun to modify or describe it.
  • Adjective suffixes make words that you can use to describe things.
SUFFIXMEANINGEXAMPLE
-alpertaining totheatrical, natural, minimal
-antinclined to or tending tovigilant, defiant, elegant
-aryof or relating tomilitary, honorary
-lesswithoutworthless, hopeless, aimless
-fulfull of or notable ofcheerful, meaningful
  • Adjective suffixes in sentences:
    • The lady warned that the water is not suitable for drinking.
    • I’m an American citizen. What about you?
    • They are attractive artworks. What did you buy?
    • The new garden tools were useless.
    • Have you tried the delicious apples he bought?
    • The national athletes boarded the plane this morning.
    • The family was financially able to travel far.

VERB SUFFIXES

  • Verbs are words that show an action, occurrence, or state of being.
  • When a suffix is added to a root word and that root word becomes a verb, thus a verb suffix.
SUFFIXMEANINGEXAMPLE
-ateto becomeacclimate, decimate
-ento becomeawaken, strengthen
-edpast-tense version of a verblaughed, chimed, called, allowed, memorized
-ize, -iseto cause or becomememorialize, advertise
-ify, -fymake or becometerrify, satisfy, vilify
  • Verb suffix sentences:
    • She plans to communicate with the rest of the team.
    • The local government decided to widen the highway.
    • The plaintiff decided to clarify her complaint.
    • She realized the importance of making new friends.
    • The longer I wait, the more delicious the fruits become.

ADVERB SUFFIXES

  • Adverbs are used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb and are often used to show degree, manner, place, or time.
  • Adverb suffixes are comprised of the letters that change an adjective into an adverb:
SUFFIXMEANINGEXAMPLE
-wardin a certain directionbackward, sideward, wayward, afterward, upward
-lyin what manner something is being donebravely, simply, gladly, honestly, nonchalantly
-wisesomething is being done a directionanticlockwise, clockwise, edgewise
  • Adverb suffixes in sentences:
    • He dances gracefully.
    • He talks professionally during interviews.
    • He will play defensively in tomorrow’s final game.
    • The ball was thrown upwards.
    • The pupils were instructed to cut the paper lengthwise.

OTHER EXAMPLES OF SUFFIXES

SUFFIXEXAMPLES
-ryentry, ministry, forgery
-shipfriendship, membership, relationship
-sion/-tion/-xionexpression, exemption, complexion
-ity, -tybrutality, equality, luminosity
-mentamazement, appointment, parliament
-ouscautious, meritorious, nervous
-icclassic, mythic, poetic
-able, ibledrinkable, portable, enforceable
-ifyexemplify, clarify, identify
-atecomplicate, nominate, irritate
-enbroken, mistaken, wooden
-rysymmetry, ministry, robbery

Suffixes Worksheets

This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about Suffixes across 30 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use worksheets that are perfect for teaching about Suffixes which are affixes at the end of a word that can help you better understand or deduce the word’s meaning.

  • Suffixes Worksheets, Examples & Definition For Kids (2)
  • Suffixes Worksheets, Examples & Definition For Kids (3)
  • Suffixes Worksheets, Examples & Definition For Kids (4)
  • Suffixes Worksheets, Examples & Definition For Kids (5)
  • Suffixes Worksheets, Examples & Definition For Kids (6)
  • Suffixes Worksheets, Examples & Definition For Kids (7)

Complete List of Included Worksheets

  • Suffixes Facts
  • Suffix-ed!
  • Circle Suffix
  • Word Expanding
  • Suffix Spin
  • Suf-fixing the Sentence
  • Suf-fixing the Sentence II
  • Suf-fixing a Story
  • Multiple Affixes
  • More Suffix Rules
  • Application
  • Picture Story Suffix

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Use With Any Curriculum

These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.

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