5 US Regions Map and Facts | Mappr (2022)

The United States of America is a country made up of 50 States and 1 Federal District. These states are then divided into 5 geographical regions: the Northeast, the Southeast, the Midwest, the Southwest, and the West, each with different climates, economies, and people.

USA State Names Abbreviations and Regions:

AbbreviationState NameRegion
NHNew HampshireNortheast
NJNew JerseyNortheast
NMNew MexicoSouthwest
NYNew YorkNortheast
NCNorth CarolinaSoutheast
NDNorth DakotaMidwest
RIRhode IslandNortheast
SCSouth CarolinaSoutheast
SDSouth DakotaMidwest
WVWest VirginiaSouthwest

We define regions by looking at the areas’ climate, landscape, and location. The regions of the US are very vast, so much that sometimes it can be difficult to tell where one state ends and another begins. Each region may also have a unique culture and accent. Southerners have the most distinct regional accent in the country.

The Northeast is the most populated region in America, followed by the Southeast. Then comes the Midwest, located between the East and West coasts, and known for its agriculture.

The least populated regions are the Southwest and West. Let’s take a more in-depth look at the 5 regions of the United States.


The Northeast region is also known as the ‘North East’ or simply as ‘The Northeast’. This regional division has some of the country’s most populated and heavily industrialized cities, including New York City, Philadelphia, and Boston. The Northeast is also one of the wealthiest parts of the United States in terms of per capita income and average household disposable income.

Forestry is here, especially in Maine and Pennsylvania – where they produce a large amount of paper. Fishing and shellfish also have importance in the economy of this region. Boston and New York City are big players in the region’s economy.

The biggest industries are pharmaceuticals, technology, and education, while the service industry grows rapidly. Tourism also plays a big part in this region’s income as many people flock to New York all year.

(Video) 5 Regions of the United States | US Geography for Kids | Kids Academy

Name brands like Dunkin’ Donuts, Baskin Robbins, and Krispy Kreme started in this region. The Northeast also has some of the top higher education institutions in the world. Harvard University, Yale University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology host top students.

The dense population, high production capability, and first-class infrastructure of this region mean that the Northeast is home to some of the largest seaports in the world.

It has access to waterways via the Hudson River, which runs through New York City and is connected to states in the Northeast by major rivers, including the Potomac River.

The states of this region include:

  • Massachusetts
  • Rhode Island
  • Connecticut
  • Vermont
  • New Hampshire
  • Maine
  • Pennsylvania
  • New Jersey
  • New York

Key Cities: Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore;


This part of the country has all four seasons. Summers are hot and humid, while winters are cold with lots of snowfall. Leaves change color in the fall. Hurricanes sometimes hit the coasts in the late summer.


The Mason-Dixon line, which was agreed upon in the 1760s, divided the North from the South. States like Maryland and Delaware that are close to this line have a more northern climate, with colder winters and less extreme heat in the summer. Maryland and Delaware also make up a subregion known as the Mid-Atlantic area.

Related: US Southeast Map

For a long time, the primary industry of this area was agriculture. Its fertile soil, flat ground, and long growing season are all factors that contribute to its great growth potential. Most of the year, farmers here can produce crops. Citrus, peaches, rice, cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, and peanuts are just a few examples of the plants that come from this region.

(Video) U.S. Regions

It is also a popular tourist destination due to its climate, beaches, and history. Some of the most popular beaches include Siesta Key, Miami Beach, Myrtle Beach, and Hampton Beach. Let’s not forget about the Outer Banks of North Carolina – the only barrier islands off the east coast of the US.

This region has lower costs of living than the Northeast or the West Coast but is more expensive than other parts of the South. The Southeast is also home to many national parks, such as the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Everglades National Park.

The states of this region include:

  • Washington DC ( federal district)
  • Georgia
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Kentucky
  • Tennessee
  • Mississippi
  • Alabama
  • Delaware
  • Maryland
  • Florida
  • Louisiana
  • Arkansas

Key Cities: Atlanta, Tampa, Miami, New Orleans, Raleigh, Charlotte


The climate of the Southeast is humid subtropical. The area has hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. It receives abundant rainfall all year long. Hurricanes are also common in the summer and fall.


The Midwest is often described as “America’s Heartland.” Some of the largest cities in the country, such as Chicago and Minneapolis, are here.

This region has agriculture and mining. Aside from the Great Lakes, which is where most of the biodiversity is located within this region, it is also home to important ecosystems such as the Western Prairie and Eastern Woodlands.

The Midwest sits midway between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians. It is also north of the Ohio River and the 37th parallel. This region has also produced groundbreaking musical acts such as B.B. King, Rock and Roll Hall of Famer James Brown, The Jacksons, Prince, and Motown Music Studios.

The states of this region include:

(Video) The 5 regions of the United States

  • Minnesota
  • Wisconsin
  • Illinois
  • Ohio
  • Indiana
  • Michigan
  • Missouri
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Nebraska
  • North Dakota
  • South Dakota


The summers are hot and humid in this region. Winters are usually cold, with lots of snowfall. The region is known for its tornado outbreaks, too.

Key Cities: Minneapolis, Chicago, Cincinnati, Columbus, Cleveland, Detroit, St. Louis


The Southwest region is home to some beautiful landscapes, from arid deserts to canyons and plateaus. This region is also known for its ghost towns, which were once homes to hearty pioneers who settled the area.

National parks include the Grand Canyon National Park, Chaco Culture National Historical Park, and Petrified Forest National Park, to name a few.

Albuquerque, Phoenix, and Tucson are all popular tourist destinations. The red sand of Sedona in Arizona, which was formed by the erosion of red rocks, is another famous tourist spot.

Texas, a state in this region, is known for its famous music scene. Austin City Limits or South by Southwest are very popular music festivals.

The states of this region include:

  • New Mexico
  • Arizona
  • Oklahoma
  • Texas


Most of this region is an arid desert, so it is usually hot and dry. However, in higher altitudes, you can see snow in the mountains.

Key Cities: Phoenix, Oklahoma City, Dallas, Houston, Austin, Salt Lake City

(Video) Regions of the United States

The West

In the Western states, most of the water is used for irrigation. The West has plenty of mineral reserves, including coal and uranium ore. This region also produces oil and gas. The Alaska pipeline carries oil from the North Slope of Alaska all the way to market in Valdez.

This region is also home to many national parks such as Yellowstone National Park, Glacier National Park, the Grand Canyon, Crater Lake National Park, and Bryce Canyon National Park.

Silicon Valley is located in California and is one of the most bustling tech hubs in the world. This region also has a major influence on culture, especially Hollywood and other forms of media such as rock and roll and country music.

States such as Alaska and Hawaii are also politically part of the West but are geographically isolated. Those two states are part of the non-continental US.

The states of this region include:

  • California
  • Colorado
  • Nevada
  • Hawaii
  • Alaska
  • Oregon
  • Utah
  • Idaho
  • Montana
  • Wyoming
  • Washington


Most of the region is arid, except for the Northwest, which has heavy rain and lush vegetation. The summers are typically hot, but winters are mild to cold, depending on the state. Colorado and Wyoming have cold and snowy weather. Southern California has hot weather all year. Mudslides and earthquakes are also common in California.

Key Cities: Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, Honolulu, San Diego, Las Vegas, Denver, Billings, Phoenix, Salt Lake City

Census Map

As we look at the 5 regions of the United States, one can see how they differ. However, when we look at the Census map, we don’t see 5 regions of the United States – we only see 4 regions:

The standout difference on the Census Map is in the southern region. Instead of dividing the South into the Southeast and the Southwest, it is only one southern region.

(Video) United States- US Physical Geography for Students, Parts 1,2, and 3 - Instructomania History Channel

The census map notes the regional subdivisions such as The Mid-Atlantic and New England regions that make up the Northeast. The Midwest has the East North and West North Central divisions.

The South contains the South Atlantic, East South Central, and West South Central Divisions. Mountain and Pacific divisions make you the Western states. The West Coast Pacific States include California, Oregon, and Washington.

In conclusion, the United States is a massive country with regions and subdivisions. Regarding climate, economy, and geographical changes, you can expect something different based on what part you’re in.


What are the 5 main regions of the United States? ›

A common way of referring to regions in the United States is grouping them into 5 regions according to their geographic position on the continent: the Northeast, Southwest, West, Southeast, and Midwest.

Why are there 5 different geographical regions in the United States? ›

The United States can be divided up into different geographical regions to help us better understand the country as a whole. There are 5 main regions in the US that people recognise when dividing up the states. These US regions for kids are the Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, Southwest, and West.

What are North America 5 regions? ›

North America can be divided into five physical regions: the mountainous west, the Great Plains, the Canadian Shield, the varied eastern region, and the Caribbean. Mexico and Central America's western coast are connected to the mountainous west, while its lowlands and coastal plains extend into the eastern region.

What are the 6 main regions? ›

Six regions of the world
  • Western Europe.
  • Central and Eastern Europe.
  • Asia.
  • Africa.
  • Mediterranean & Middle East.

What are the 4 major regions? ›

The Census Bureau region definition is "widely used ... for data collection and analysis", and is the most commonly used classification system.
  • Region 1: Northeast. ...
  • Region 2: Midwest (Prior to June 1984, the Midwest Region was designated as the North Central Region.) ...
  • Region 3: South. ...
  • Region 4: West.

Why is US divided into regions? ›

The United States is often divided up into geographical regions. Using these regions can help to describe a larger area and also helps to group together states that are similar in features such as geography, culture, history, and climate.

What makes each region unique? ›

Language, government, or religion can define a region, as can forests, wildlife, or climate. Regions, large or small, are the basic units of geography. The Middle East is considered a political, environmental, and religious region that includes parts of Africa, Asia, and Europe. The region is in a hot, dry climate.

What are the 5 elements of geography? ›

The five themes of geography are location, place, region, movement, and human- environment interaction. The five themes enable you to discuss and explain people, places, and environments of the past and present.

What are the 5 regions of California? ›

 The regions of California are the Coastal Region, the Mountain Region, the Central Valley Region, and the Desert Region.

What are the 8 U.S. regions? ›

The Bureau of Economic Analysis goes with this eight-region map of the US. Its regions are New England, the Mideast, the Southeast, the Great Lakes, the Plains, the Southwest, the Rocky Mountains, and the Far West.

What are the 7 physical regions of the United States? ›

The conterminous United States may be divided into seven broad physiographic divisions: from east to west, the Atlantic–Gulf Coastal Plain; the Appalachian Highlands; the Interior Plains; the Interior Highlands; the Rocky Mountain System; the Intermontane Region; and the Pacific Mountain System.

What are the 10 regions? ›

The geographic regions of the world can be divided into ten regions: Africa, Asia, Central America, Eastern Europe, European Union, Middle East, North America, Oceania, South America, and the Caribbean.

What are the 9 regions of the United States? ›

The CASCs are divided into nine regions across the United States: Alaska, Midwest, Northwest, North Central, Northeast, Pacific Islands, Southwest, South Central, and Southeast.

What are the names of all regions? ›

World regions
  • Americas (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean)
  • Asia Pacific (Central & South Asia, Northeastern Asia, Southeastern Asia, Australia and Oceania)
  • Europe (Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Europe)
  • Middle East/Africa (Middle East, Northern Africa, Southern Africa)

What are the major types of region? ›

Geographers have identified three types of regions: formal, functional, and vernacular.

Is Texas a region? ›

Texas is in the South Central United States of America, and is considered to form part of the U.S. South and also part of the U.S. Southwest.
Geography of Texas.
RegionSouth Central United States
Coastline367 mi (591 km)
Highest pointGuadalupe Peak, 8,749 feet (2,667 m)
Lowest pointGulf of Mexico, sea level
4 more rows

What region only has 4 states? ›

The Four Corners Monument marks the quadripoint in the Southwestern United States where the states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah meet. It is the only point in the United States shared by four states, leading to the area being named the Four Corners region.

What is the 4 regions of Texas? ›

Texas can be divided into four natural regions. They are the Coastal Plains, the North Central Plains, the Great Plains, and the Mountains and Basins.

How are US regions different? ›

What makes one region different from another? A region's multicultural heritage as well as distinct demographic characteristics like age and occupation make regions different and special. Within several regions, language is used differently and there are strong dialects.

What is the northeast region known for? ›

It is home to famous hospitals, sports venues, colleges, and past presidents. The Northeastern United States is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. This region has a temperate climate with all four seasons.

Why regions are created? ›

Regions are human creations used to manage and interpret the complexity of Earth's surface. They help us understand and organize the arrangements of people, places, and environments. People's lives are structured within multiple regions.

What region is the smallest? ›

The smallest country in the world is Vatican City, with a landmass of just 0.49 square kilometers (0.19 square miles).

What are 3 cultural regions? ›

Geographers recognize several major cultural regions in the world today, including the Middle East, Latin America, North America, Europe, Russia, Sub-Saharan Africa, China, Japan, South Asia, and Southeast Asia.

What makes region 5 unique from the other? ›

The Bicol Region has the distinct advantage in terms of tourism because of the presence of Mt. Mayon as the world's most perfect natural cone. Add to this are beaches, natural parks and other historical, religious and archeological sites, which are favorite tourist destinations.

What are the 5 basic map elements? ›

Map Elements. Most maps contain the same common elements: main body, legend, title, scale and orientation indicators, inset map, and source notes.

Why is the 5 themes of geography important? ›

The Five Themes of Geography are Still Useful

They allow them to learn how to use concrete devices like latitude and longitude, maps, and atlases to locate specific places, as well as how to develop mental maps of their world, and all of the people and places in it.

What does region mean in 5 themes of geography? ›

Regions are areas with distinctive characteristics: human characteristics, such as demographics or politics, and physical characteristics, such as climate and vegetation. For example, the US is a political region because it shares one governmental system.

Which 4 major regions make up the United Kingdom? ›

The United Kingdom (UK) is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

What are the 8 US regions? ›

The Bureau of Economic Analysis goes with this eight-region map of the US. Its regions are New England, the Mideast, the Southeast, the Great Lakes, the Plains, the Southwest, the Rocky Mountains, and the Far West.

What is the name of the region which has 5 countries? ›

Central Asia is politically divided into five countries: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan.

Who united the 7 kingdoms of England? ›

The Viking invasions of the 9th century upset the balance of power between the English kingdoms, and native Anglo-Saxon life in general. The English lands were unified in the 10th century in a reconquest completed by King Æthelstan in 927.

Why is Ireland Not in the UK? ›

The War of Independence resulted in a truce in July 1921 and led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty that December. Under the Treaty, the territory of Southern Ireland would leave the UK and become the Irish Free State.

Is UK same as England? ›

The U.K., as it is called, is a sovereign state that consists of four individual countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

What are the 9 US regions? ›

The CASCs are divided into nine regions across the United States: Alaska, Midwest, Northwest, North Central, Northeast, Pacific Islands, Southwest, South Central, and Southeast.

What are the three types of regions? ›

Geographers have identified three types of regions: formal, functional, and vernacular. A functional region is also called a nodal region because it is defined by a social or economic function that occurs between a node or focal point and the surrounding areas.

What is the largest region in the US? ›

The Western U.S. is the largest region of the country, covering nearly half the land area of the contiguous United States.

How many regions are there and what are their names? ›

The eight official DHS-recognized global regions on the world map are Africa, Asia, Europe and Oceania in the Eastern hemisphere and the Caribbean and the three American zones (North, Central and South) in the Western hemisphere.


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